hdiutilprogram is a native Apple command line utility for working with disk images. It uses the DiskImages framework. Disk images (usually with a .dmg, .img, or .iso file name extension) are often used for distributing programs and for burning CDs/DVDs.
Creating a disk image from a folder
hdiutil create test.dmg -srcfolder /path/to/folder/
Once the disk image is created, it can be mounted, copied, or sent like any other file.
Mounting a disk image
To mount (or attach) a disk image, use:
hdiutil mount test.dmg
A mounted disk image appears on the Desktop, in the Finder, and shows up as a directory in /Volumes. All removable media, such as CDs, DVDs, external disks, and USB flash drives are mounted in /Volumes.
Unmounting a disk image
To unmount (or detach) a disk image, use:
hdiutil unmount /dev/device-name
The device name is usually something like /dev/disk3s2. You can also unmount it using the
/Volumes/mountpoint if you know where it was mounted:
hdiutil unmount /Volumes/mountpoint
Burning an ISO to CD (or DVD)
First, load a blank CD, then:
hdiutil burn cd-image.iso
Create an encrypted disk image
This creates a 10 MB encrypted disk image and internally formats it as a journaled HFS+ file system (the OS X default):
hdiutil create -encryption -size 10m -volname encdata test.dmg -fs HFS+J
During the creation of the disk image, you will be prompted for a password that will allow access to the contents of the disk image. You must remember the password or anything you put into the image will be lost.